Improvement in the Works of by Daniel Defoe, Benjamin Franklin, and Adam Smith

1274 Words 6 Pages
How many types of improvement can be possible for human nature? In many works written by many philosophers we can see the major improvements of human society through experimentation. Human beings can make progress both individually and collectively. In the works by Daniel Defoe, Benjamin Franklin, and Adam Smith, I am able to analyze how both individual and collective improvement are related through the habit and practice required to make progress possible. Through my analysis I have come to the conclusion that individual and collective improvements are driven by the desire to satisfy the needs within a person as well as within society. Through my analysis of the works of these authors, I was able to indicate how individual improvement …show more content…
To begin I am going to analyze the novel Robinson Crusoe, by Daniel Defoe. In his novel I am able to see how an individual stranded on a deserted island was able to make individual as well as collective progress. Robinson Crusoe, the protagonist of the novel, finds himself stranded in an island after he was the sole survivor of a devastating shipwreck. What forces Crusoe to make improvements is his necessity to survive and satisfy his personal needs. Crusoe needs to be able to have food and the essentials in order to survive because he does not know how long he will be stranded in the island, before he is rescued. Crusoe uses his own knowledge in order to be able to survive because there is no one to depend on but himself. He creates his own shelter and gathers his own food but he is not able Crusoe’s individuality improves when he begins to write a bookkeeping chart of the evil and good situations he undergoes. This method of bookkeeping helps him to improve mentally and to think positively in order to be able to survive and improve his lifestyle. For many years Crusoe follows a routine, which helps him become better in certain tasks such as farming and taking care of the animals. He is able to build his own cave and manage to stay alive for 28 years. Crusoe is determined to find a way to leave the island but because he is alone in the island he is not able to flee. Crusoe

Related Documents