The Virtue Of Virtue And Moral Philosophy Essays

1272 Words May 5th, 2016 null Page
Virtue theory emphasizes the role of character and virtue in moral philosophy rather than either doing one’s duty or acting in order to bring about the good consequences. We are all born with the potential to be morally virtuous, but it is only by behaving in the right way that we train ourselves to be virtuous. As a person learns to read a book, we learn virtue by practicing, not by thinking about it. There are two kinds of virtue: intellectual and moral (P.20). We learn intellectual virtues by instruction, and we learn moral virtues by habit and constant practice. There are no absolute rules of conduct to follow in virtue ethics. Instead, we can only observe that right conduct consists of some sort of mean between the limits of deficiency and excess. For example, courage consists in finding a mean between the extremes of cowardice and rashness, though the appropriate amount of bravery varies from one situation to another. Aristotle and Kongzi are both inspirational figures of virtue theory. Aristotle declared that a virtuous person is someone who has ideal character traits. These traits derive from natural internal tendencies, but need to be nurtured; however once established, they will become stable. While Kongzi’s moral teachings, promotes self-cultivation, emulation of moral exemplars, and the attainment of skilled judgment rather than knowledge of rules. The moral views of Aristotle and Kongzi intersect in significant ways.
Virtue theory has been developed in three…

Related Documents