Essay Reading Key

3879 Words Aug 28th, 2013 16 Pages
CHAPTER 1: THREE OLD WORLDS CREATE A NEW, 1492-1600

GUIDED READING QUESTIONS
57 terms
Introduction
Know: Old World, New World

Are the terms old world and new world biased?

Old World :
Europeans fleeing poverty & religious persecution.

New World:
North America 1. What conditions existed in what is today the United States that made it "fertile ground" for a great nation?
Abundant natural resources
Prior inhabitance & cultivation of the land by the Native Americans

The Shaping of North America

Know:

Great Basin: Lake Bonneville covering most of Idaho & Utah today-it drained into the Pacific- drained the west through the Snake River & Columbia River system. Lake Bonneville’s beaches are visible 1,000 ft.
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Europeans Enter Africa
Know:

Marco Polo: 1295 AD he returned from China. Increased European desires for goods.

Caravel: Before its invention Europeans would not sail around the coast of Africa. 1450 invented by Portuguese allowed them to sail more directly into the wind.

Bartholomew Diaz: Rounded the tip of Africa in 1488 (Portuguese) Portugal had control of the African coast

Vasco da Gama: Reached India in 1498

Ferdinand and Isabella: rid Spain of the “infidels” (the Moors) Wanted to rival Portugal for power.

Moors: Muslims who fought the Christians in Spain

6. What were the results of the Portuguese explorations of Africa?

Exposure to slave trade by Africans and Arabs led to their own establishment of slave trade networks
Slaves used to work on sugar plantations.
Set up gold trading posts on the west coast

Columbus Comes upon a New World
Know:

Columbus: 1492

7. What developments set the stage for “a cataclysmic shift in the course of history”?

• Europeans desired cheaper products from foreign lands • Africa was a cheap labor source • Long-range navigation was possible • Spain was rising in power as a nation-state • Renaissance & the spread of knowledge

When Worlds Collide
Know:

Corn:

Potatoes:

Sugar: Columbus brought over seedl ings of sugar cane

Horses:

Smallpox: - Hispaniola population dropped from 1 million to 200 in 50 years.

8.

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