Middle childhood fitting in or standing out Middle childhood is a crucial time when children start to establish their own sense of identity, independence, and start to be more involved in the world beyond their family. When children get older there values and behaviors start to change. Many children try to be individuals, but most of the time it makes them feel vulnerable, so they tend to conform to a group. During middle childhood cognitive changes begin to transform a child’s mind and body therefor having stability at home and in school is crucial. Vygotsky realized “that children learn from one another, their cultures and their teachers (Pg.242) Not having stability from these things will most likely impair a child’s social
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Helena’s behavior is likely due to her having a very difficult start in life herself and having to be apart from other playmates for three years. Being apart from playmates so long caused Helena to lack socialization skills and this is a major process of learning in becoming a part of a culture. Another interesting experiment was done with the children placing them in a group with the three stooges. The experimenter asks the children which of three lines is the same length as the test line. The stooges were briefed beforehand to choose the wrong line. Helena conformed to the group choosing the same line the three stooges choose. Helena most likely went along with the group because she is less confident about how to behave in groups and may want acceptance from her peers.
When children attended school they are in a social environment getting praise and the attention when doing different task such as writing, drawing and reading. This is especially important for a child that already has insecurity’s about themselves such as children with special needs. According to Erikson’s industry versus inferiority stage things like getting praise and attention are imperative for the development of self-confidence. If a child doesn’t get the attention and encouragement they need they may doubt themselves and feel rejected. This was certainly the case for the little