Defining Nazi Soviet Relations By Political Philosophy Essay
Communism and Fascism, at one glance, seems to be similar in the philosophy of collectivism and anti-democracy. However, the two philosophies cannot coexist due to the striking differences in loyalty and social roles. Both philosophies agreed on two major ideas that people should blend into their communities and that capitalism was unfair and harmful. However, Communism believes that the people are loyal to their social class, so they are loyal to people internationally in the same class (Stalin). However, Fascism strongly denies loyalty across nations, since it strongly urges for national pride and loyalty (Franco; “25 Points”). The political philosophies correlate to the beginning of the Molotov-Ribbentrop Pact, a nonaggression pact between the Soviet Union and Nazi Germany. However, the two nations soon turned against one another, since their “common interests” seemed to cease (“Molotov-Ribbentrop Pact”).
One of the strongest traits of both philosophies is the disapproval of individualism. The main idea of collectivism in Communism is described by Joseph Stalin, in 1913:
The right of self-determination means that only the nation itself has the right to determine its destiny, that no one has the right forcibly to interfere in the life of the nation.”
Similarly, the Fascist Nazi Program included programs, such as mandatory work, education reform, and physical fitness obligations, to combat individualism. They believe…