Benjamin Franklin Essay

8674 Words Mar 31st, 2012 35 Pages
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Discover History Articles Comparing Plymouth and Jamestown
Comparing Plymouth and Jamestown
Written by Robert Jennings Heinsohn
1. Introduction
Pilgrim families arrived in Holland in the spring of 1608 and in Plymouth in December 1620. In May 1607, 105 men arrived in Jamestown to establish the first permanent English
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In 1587 Ralegh delivered 110 men, women and children under John White, a painter, to Roanoke Island. John White stayed only a month but made detailed drawings of the appearance and housing of the costal Carolina Algonquian Indians. War between England and Spain prevented White from returning to Roanoke until 1590 when he found the site abandoned and only the word Croatoan carved on a post. Croatoan was the name of neighboring Indians on an island of the same name but owing to bad weather the English were unable to organize a mission to search for the "Lost Colony of Roanoke". In 1602 Bartholomew Gosnold and 20 men tried to establish a trading post on Cape Cod but lacking food abandoned the effort and returned to England.

British land claims on the North American eastern seaboard, from what is now northern Maine to Wilmington, North Carolina was broadly called "Virginia" to honor Queen Elizabeth, the "Virgin Queen". In 1606 King James granted Royal Charters to the Virginia Company of London, and the Plymouth Virginia Company. The patents were identical and covered overlapping areas (with separate extensions north and south) between the 38th and 41st parallels. With use, the names were shortened to, the Virginia Company and the Plymouth Company. The companies were venture capitalists of noblemen, landed gentry, and men prominent in trade and commerce interested in establishing settlements in North America. Land remained the property of the King, the companies were

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